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27th June

1358
On 27th June, 1358, The Republic of Ragusa was founded. The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime republic what is located centered on the city of Dubrovnik in Dalmatia and today, it is in southernmost Croatia that approved that name from the year 1358 until the year 1808. It stretched its profitable peak in the 15th and the 16th centuries, before being engaged by Napoleon’s French Terrain and formally seized by the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in the year 1808. It had a populace of around 30,000 people, out of whom 5,000 lived within the city walls. Its Latin motto was “Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro”, which means “Liberty is not well sold for all the gold”.

1759
General James Wolfe started the siege of Quebec on 27th June, 1759. Major General James Wolfe was a British Army Officer who was popular for his training performance and improvements but recollected chiefly for his victory over the French at the Combat of the Plains of Abraham in Quebec in the year 1759. The son of a illustrious general, Edward Wolfe, he had established his 1st command at a young age and saw widespread service in Europe where he clashed during the War of the Austrian Sequence. His service in Flanders and in Scotland, where he took place in the conquest of the Jacobite Revolt, brought him to the care of his chiefs. Quebec is one of the 13 provinces and terrains of Canada.

1941
On 27th June, 1941, during Operation Barbarossa, German militaries captured the city of Białystok. Białystok is the largest city in northeastern Poland and this is the capital of the Podlaskie Voivodeship. It is located in the Białystok Uplands of the Podlaskie Plain on the banks of the Biała River, Białystok what ranks 2nd in terms of populace density, 11th in population, and 13th in area, of the cities of Poland. During World War II, Operation Barbarossa was the code or secret name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union what starting on 22nd Sunday, June 1941. The operation stopped from Nazi Germany’s ideological goals to overcome the western Soviet Union so that it could be re-populated by Germans, to use Slavs as a slave-labor force for the Axis war struggle, and to grab the oil assets of the Caucasus and the agricultural resources of Soviet terrains.

1941
On 27th June, 1941, Romanian authorities launched one of the most ferocious pogroms in Jewish history in the city of Iași, what resulting in the murder of at least 13,266 Jews. Following the eruption of World War II on 1 September 1939, the Empire of Romania under King Carol II what is officially accepted a position of impartiality. However, the quickly changing situation in Europe in the year 1940, as well as domestic political disturbance, damaged this stance. The Iași pogrom or Jassy pogrom of 29 June 1941 was a series of pogroms started by governmental armies under Ion Antonescu in the Romanian city of Iaşi against its Jewish populace what resulting in the murder of at least 13,266 Jews, according to Romanian authorities. Lași is the largest city and it is located in eastern Romania and the seat of Iași County.
1950
In the Korean War, the United States decided to send militaries to fight on 27th June, 1950. The Korean War was a war what occurred between North Korea and South Korea. The war started on 25th June 1950 when North Korea occupied South Korea. The United Nations and with the United States as the major force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the help of North Korea, and the Soviet Union also gave some support to the North.

1952
On 27th June, 1952, Guatemala passed Decree 900, organization the rearrangement of uncultivated land. Decree 900 is also called the Agrarian Reform Law and it was a Guatemalan land what reformed law passed on 17th June, 1952, during the Guatemalan Revolution. The law was announced by President Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán and approved by the Guatemalan Congress. It modernized unused lands of sizes greater than 224 acres to local farmers, compensating landowners with government bonds. Land from at most 1,700 estates was reordered to about 500,000 families—one sixth of the country’s populace.

1974
U.S. president Richard Nixon visited the Soviet Union on 27th June, 1974. Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States and he served the year 1969 to 1974, when he reconciled from office, the only U.S. president to do so. He had beforehand served as the 36th Vice President of the United States from the year 1953 to year 1961, and preceding to that as a U.S. Descriptive and also Senator from California. The Soviet Union is formally called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It was a socialist state in Eurasia and it existed from 1922 to 1991. Supposedly a union of multiple equal national Soviet republics. Its government and economy were extremely central. The country was a one-party state what ruled by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

1977
On 27th June, 1977, France granted liberation to Djibouti. Djibouti is officially recognized as the Republic of Djibouti what is a country and it is located in the Horn of Africa. It is surrounded by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast.

1988
The Gare de Lyon rail accident in Paris, France held on 27th June, 1988 and the accident killed 56 people. The Gare de Lyon rail accident held on 27 June 1988, when an SNCF commuter train headed incoming to Paris’s Gare de Lyon terminal stopped into a stationary outbound train what killing 56 people and injuring 55 people. Paris is the capital and it is the most populated city of France.

2013
On 27th June, 2013, NASA launched the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph what is a space probe to observe the Sun. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is a renowned independent agency of the managerial branch of the United States federal government and it is fully accountable for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and atmosphere research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established NASA in the year 1958. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph is a NASA solar observation satellite. The mission was backed through the Small Explorer program to examine the physical circumstances of the solar limb, mainly the chromosphere of the Sun. The spacecraft contains of a satellite bus and spectrometer constructed by the Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory and a telescope provided by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. IRIS is worked by LMSAL and NASA’s Ames Research Center.

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