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26th July

1309
Henry VII was known as a King of the Romans by Pope Clement V on 26th July, 1309. Henry VII was the King of Germany from the year 1308 and Holy Roman Independent from the year 1312. He was the 1st sovereign of the House of Luxembourg. Through his short-lived career he strengthened the grand reason in Italy, which was racked with the biased struggles between Ghibelline factions and the divided Guelf, and stimulated the praise of Dino Compagni and Dante Alighieri; however, his early death undid his life’s work. The King of the Romans was the name and it used by the German king what following his voting by the princes from the time of Independent Henry II forward. The name was frequently an entitlement to become Holy Roman Sovereign and was dependent upon coronation by the Pope. Pope Clement V was a Pope and he served from 5th June 1305 to his life in the year 1314. He was recollected for overpowering the order of the Knights Templar and permitting the performance of many of its members, and as the Pope who stimulated the Curia from Rome to Avignon, escorting in the dated known as the Avignon Papacy.

1529
On 26th July, 1529, Francisco Pizarro González, Spanish conquistador was selected as governor of Peru. Francisco Pizarro González was a Spanish conquistador who led an voyage that occupied the Inca Empire. He was arrested and killed Incan ruler Atahualpa, and demanded the lands for Spain.

1745
The first recorded women’s cricket match held close to Guildford, England on 26th July, 1745. The history of women’s cricket can be copied back to a report in The Reading Mercury on 26th July 1745 and a match that held between the villages of Hambledon and Bramley near Guildford in Surrey. Guildford is a large town what is located in Surrey, England. It is situated 27 miles southwest of central London on the A3 trunk road midway between the capital and Portsmouth.

1803
The Surrey Iron Railway is supposed to be the world’s first public railway and it opened in south London, United Kingdom on 26th July, 1803. The Surrey Iron Railway is also known as SIR. It was a horse-drawn plateway what linked with Wandsworth and Croydon via Mitcham, all then in Surrey but now conurbations of south London, in England. It was formed by Act of Parliament in the year 1801, and opened partially in the year 1802 and partly in the year 1803. It was a toll railway and it had limited use to horse purchase. It is also used for buying chief goods transported were coal, lime, building materials, manure, corn and seeds. The Croydon, Merstham and Godstone Railway was constructed as an postponement of the railway but by a separate company. It closed in the year 1838. Rail transport is a means of transporting of passengers and various goods on wheeled vehicles by running on rails. It is also recognized as tracks or train transport. In contrast to road transport, where cars run on a organized flat surface, rail vehicles are directed by the tracks on which they run.

1814
The Swedish–Norwegian War started on 26th July, 1814.The Swedish–Norwegian War is also popular as the Campaign against Norway. It is also called War with Sweden 1814 or the Norwegian War of Independence. This was a war what fought between Norway and Sweden in the summer of the year 1814. The war occasioned in Norway incoming into union with Sweden, but with its own structure and congress.

1847
Liberia declared its independence first on 26th July, 1847. Liberia is officially called the Republic of Liberia. It is a country on the West African coast. It is surrounded by Sierra Leone to its west, Guinea to its north and Ivory Coast to its east. It covers a large area of 111,369 square kilometers and has a populace of 4,503,000 people.

1882
The Republic of Stellaland was founded in Southern Africa on 26th July, 1882. The Republic of Stellaland existed between the years 1882 to 1883 a Boer republic. It was located in an area of British Bechuanaland, west of the Transvaal. After amalgamation with the neighboring State of Goshen, it was the United States of Stellaland from the year 1883 to year 1885. During its short history, the small state became a focal point for fight between the British Terrain and the South African Republic.

1887
Publication of the Unua Libro was founded during the Esperanto movement on 26th July, 1887. Dr. Esperanto’s International Language is usually mentioned to as Unua Libro as his first book. It was the first publication to define Esperanto, then it was named the Global Language. It was first printed in Russian on 26th July, 1887 in Warsaw, by Polish oculist L. L. Zamenhof. Over the next few years editions were published in Polish, German, English, French and Hebrew. This booklet comprised the Lord’s Prayer, some Bible verses, poetry, a letter, the 16th rules of grammar and 917 roots of vocabulary.

1891
France annexed Tahiti on 26th July, 1891. Tahiti is also recognized as Otaheite. It is the largest island what is located in the Windward group of French Polynesia; this overseas collectivity of the French Republic. It is sometimes stated to as a French overseas country. The island is set in the archipelago of the Society Islands in the central Southern Pacific Ocean. It is mainly divided into 2 parts: the bigger, northwestern part Tahiti Nui and the smaller, southeastern part Tahiti Iti.

1914
Serbia and Bulgaria interrupted diplomatic relationship on 26th July, 1914. Serbia is formally called the Republic of Serbia. It is a landlocked country what is located at the crossroads of Central and the central Balkans and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain. Bulgaria is formally known as the Republic of Bulgaria. It is a country in southeastern Europe. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, , Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and Macedonia to the west and the Black Sea to the east. With a terrain of 110,994 square kilometers, Bulgaria is Europe’s 16th largest country.

1937
On 26th July, 1937, was the conclusion day of the war of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War. The Battle of Brunete occurred on west of Madrid. It was a Republican effort to ease the burden exerted by the Nationalists on the capital and on the north through the Spanish Civil Conflict. Though originally successful, the Republicans were compulsory to departure from Brunete and agonized devastating casualties from the war.

1946
Aloha Airlines started service from Honolulu International Airport on 26th July, 1946. Aloha Airlines was a Hawaiian airline and its headquarter is located in Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii. It was operating from a hub at Honolulu International Airport. The operations of this airlines started on 26th July, 1946, and finished on March 31, 2008. Daniel K. Inouye International Airport is also recognized as Honolulu International Airport. It is the major aviation gateway of the City and County of Honolulu on Oahu in the State of Hawaii. It is recognized as one of the fullest airports in the United States, with traffic now over 21 million passengers per year and rising.

1952
On 26th July, 1952, King Farouk of Egypt abdicated in favor of his son Fuad. King Farouk was the 10th monarch who served of Egypt from the Muhammad Ali Dynasty and the last but one King of Egypt and the Sudan, later his father, Fuad I, in 1936. His full designation was “His Majesty Farouk I, by the elegance of God, King of Egypt and the Sudan. Fuad II is a member of the Egyptian house of Muhammad Ali and he was officially controlled as the last King of Egypt and Sudan between the period July 1952 to June 1953.

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