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23rd July

1793
On 23rd July, 1793, Empire of Prussia re-conquered Mainz from France. The Kingdom of Prussia was a German empire. It established the state of Prussia between the years 1701 and 1918 . It included parts of present-day Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Denmark, Belgium and the Czech Republic. It was the driving force behind the merger of Germany in the year 1871 and was the leading state of the German Territory until its finish in the year 1918. Although it took its name from the area called Prussia, it was based on the Margraviate of Brandenburg, where its capital was Berlin. Mainz is the capital and it is the largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.

1840
The Province of Canada was developed by the Act of Union on 23rd July, 1840. The United Province of Canada was once a British colony in North America. This was from the year 1841 to the year 1867. Its development duplicated orientations formed by John Lambton who was 1st Earl of Durham in the Report on the Affairs of British North America what following the Revolutions of 1837–1838. The Act of Union 1840 passed 23rd July, 1840 and it was approved by the British Parliament. On 10th February, 1841, it was announced by the Crown. Complex the Colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada by abolishing their distinct congresses and substituting them with a single one with 2 houses, a Legislative Council as the upper chamber and the Lawmaking Gettogether as the lower chamber. The British North America Act, 1840 is also called as the Act of Union 1840. It was permitted in July 1840 and announced on 10th February, 1841.

1885
On 23rd July, 1885, President Ulysses S. Grant died of throat cancer. Ulysses S. Grant was a recognized Commanding General of the United States Army. He served at the end of the American Civil War. In the year 1868, he was chosen as the 18th President of the United States, serving between the years 1869 to 1877. As Commanding General, Grant worked judiciously with President Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union Army to conquest over the Union in the Civil War. He was supported by Congress. President Ulysses S. Grant started to tool Reconstruction, often at odds with President Andrew Johnson, who prospered the murdered Lincoln.

1903
On 23rd July, the Ford Motor Company sold its first car. The Ford Motor Company is simply called “Ford”. It is an American multinational and very popular automaker. The headquarter of this company is in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was instigated by Henry Ford and united on 16th June, 1903. The company sells various types of automobiles and commercial vehicles under the brand name Ford and most luxury cars are sold under the Lincoln brand.

1908
The 2nd Constitution approved by the Ottomans on 23rd July, 1908. The Second Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Realm what recognized soon after the year 1908. Young Turk Revolution what enforced Sultan Abdul Hamid II to reestablish the legitimate dominion by the restoration of the Ottoman congress, the General Assembly of the Ottoman Territory and the restoration of the constitution of the year 1876. The parliament and the constitution of the First Constitutional Era had been adjourned by Abdul Hamid in the year 1878 after only 2 years of working. Whereas the 1st Constitutional Era had not permitted for political gatherings, the Young Turks corrected the structure to reinforce the generally selected Chamber of Deputies. The Ottoman Empire is also called in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire, Ottoman Turkey. It is called simply called Turkey. It was an territory what founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Sogut by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.

1927
The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company aired in Bombay on 23rd July, 1927. All India Radio is officially called since the year 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī. It is the national public radio broadcaster of India including all major part of India like Prasar Bharati. It was established in 1930. AIR has fully covered over 99% of the Indian populace as per the latest information and news given by Minister of Information and Broadcast. The headquarterf of this organization is at the Akashvani Bhavan in New Delhi. All India Radio is the largest radio network in the world. Mumbai is also called as Bombay and it is the certified name until 1995.It is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

1942
During the Holocaust, on 23rd July, 1942, The Treblinka extinction camp was opened first. The Holocaust is also called to as the Shoah. It was a serious killing during World War II. In that genocide, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany helped by its traitors, methodically killed almost 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish communal in Europe. From the year 1941 to year 1945, Germany embattled European Jewry for extinction as part of a larger event what involved the harassment and murder of other groups. Treblinka was an extinction camp what built and functioned by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.

1943
The Rayleigh bath chair murder happened on 23rd July, 1943 in Rayleigh, Essex, England. Archibald Brown was first victim and he was 47. His family Doris Lucy Brown lived in London Hill, Rayleigh. By a motorcycle accident, Archibald Brown lost his legs at the age of 24 and thereafter obligatory the use of a bath chair and was be concerned for by 3 nurses. Rayleigh is a market town and civil parish in the District of Rochford in Essex, England. It was located between Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea.

1945
On 23rd July, 1945, the post-war lawful processes against Philippe Pétain begin. Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain is normally called as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain. It was a French general who stretched the difference of Marshal of France. Later, he served as the Chief of State of Vichy France who known as the French State from the year 1940 to year 1944. Pétain, who was 84 years old in the year 1940, ranks as France’s oldest head of state.

1961
On 23rd July, 1961, the Sandinista National Liberation Front was originated in Nicaragua. The Sandinista National Liberation Front is now a self-governing socialist what is a political party in Nicaragua. Its members are known as Sandinistas in both English and Spanish. The party is called after Augusto César Sandino, who led the Nicaraguan confrontation against the United States profession of Nicaragua in the 1930s. The official name of Nicaragua is the Republic of Nicaragua. It is the largest country what is located in the Central American isthmus. It is bordered by Honduras to the north, Costa Rica to the south, the Caribbean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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