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22nd August

1138
On 22nd August, 1138, Battle of the Standard held between England and Scotland. The Battle of the Standard is called the Battle of Northallerton. In this battle, English forces resisted a Scottish military. It held on Cowton Moor near Northallerton in Yorkshire. The Scottish soldiers were moved by King David I of Scotland. The English forces were commanded by William of Aumale. King Stephen of England had sent a small force but the English army was mainly local militia and baronial entourages from Yorkshire and the north Midlands. Archbishop Thurstan of York had exerted himself greatly to raise the army, preaching that to withstand the Scots was to do God’s work. David had arrived England for 2 avowed major reasons. One is To care his niece Matilda’s claim to the English throne against that of Monarch Stephen another is To increase his empire beyond his earlier gains.

1717
Spanish troops landed on Sardinia on 22nd August, 1717. Sardinia is the 2nd largest island what is located in the Mediterranean Sea and an independent region of Italy. This is situated in the Western Mediterranean, to the instant south of the French island of Corsica. The district’s formal name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna or Regione Autònoma de Sardigna and its capital and largest city is called Cagliari. It is alienated into 4 areas and a metropolitan town.

1780
James Cook’s ship HMS Resolution returned to England on 22nd August, 1780. Cook was killed on Hawaii during this journey. HMS Resolution was a sloop of the Royal Navy. It is a transformed commercial collier obtained by the Navy and modified, in which Captain James Cook made his 2nd and 3rd trips of survey in the Pacific. She overwhelmed him enough that he named her “the ship of my choice”, and “the fittest for facility of any I have seen.”

1798
French militaries land at Kilcummin, County Mayo, Ireland to help the revolt on 22nd August, 1798. Kilcummin is a base on the northern coast of County Mayo, Ireland. The Kilcummin extent is lightly inhabited. Although fishing is still the key foundation of revenue of people in Kilcummin and the travel is becoming more significant, with the “Tír Sáile – North Mayo Sculpture Trail” and the “Tour d’Humbert” leading through the area. The Irish Rebellion of 1798 is also called as the United Irishmen Rebellion. It was an revolution against British instruction in Ireland what was eternal from May to September of the year 1798. The United Irishmen, a republican radical group prejudiced by the ideas of the French and American revolts, were the main organizing force behind the uprising.

1827
José de la Mar became President of Peru on 22nd August, 1827. José de la Mar was a Peruvian powerful military leader and it is a recognized politician. He served as the 2nd and 8th President of Peru. He spent his primary childhood in Spain. He began his soldierly career as a sub-lieutenant in the troop of Saboya. He was born in Cuenca and it is called now is Ecuador. In the year 1815, Ferdinand VII helped him to Brigadier, presented him the Saint Hermenegildo’s Cross and appointed him Sub-Inspector of the Viceroyalty of Peru, with the heading of Governor of Callao. He reached at the city in the year 1816. In the year 1819, he was encouraged to field marshal.

1846
On 22nd August, 1846, the Second Federal Republic of Mexico was recognized. The 2nd Federal Republic of Mexico is the name given to the second effort to realize a federalist government in Mexico. It is also formally called the United Mexican States. It is also called a federal republic was applied again on 22nd August, 1846 when temporary president José Mariano Salas distributed a announcement reestablishing the year 1824 constitution.

1864
12 nations signed the 1st Geneva Convention on 22nd August, 1864. The Geneva Conventions comprise 4 agreements, and 3 supplementary protocols. It established the standards of international law for caring conduct in war. The singular term Geneva Convention typically means the agreements of the year 1949, transferred in the result of the Second World War. It updated the rapports of the two 1929 agreements, and added two new conventions. The treaties of 1949 were approved, in whole or with doubts, by 196 countries.

1902
On 22nd August, 1902, Cadillac Motor Company was developed. Cadillac is formally called the Cadillac Motor Car Division. It is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors what is called GM. It markets luxury cars international. Its main markets are the United States, China and Canada but Cadillac-branded cars are circulated in 34 extra markets worldwide. Historically, Cadillac automobiles have always apprehended a place at the top of the treat field within the United States.

1941
During the World War II or WWII or WW2 or the Second World War, on 22nd August, 1941, German armies started the Siege of Leningrad. The Siege of Leningrad is also called as the Leningrad Blockade. It was a protracted military barrier started mostly by the German Army Group North contrary to Leningrad. Historically and presently it is called as Saint Petersburg, in the Eastern Front theatre of World War II. It is stared as the lengthiest and most critical siege in history, and perhaps the highest in terms of wounded.
1972
Rhodesia was disqualified by the IOC for its racist policies on 22nd August, 1972. Rhodesia is normally called from the year 1970 forwards as the Republic of Rhodesia. It was an unrecognized state in southern Africa from the year 1965 to year 1979, comparable in local terms to modern Zimbabwe. With its capital in Salisbury, Rhodesia was measured a de facto successor state to the past British colony of Southern Rhodesia. The International Olympic Committee is the highest expert of the worldwide Olympic movement. It is based in Lausanne, IOC is a non-profit independent international organization made up of volunteers, which is devoted to structure a better world finished sport.

1978
The Sandinista National Liberation Front occupied national palace in Nicaragua on 22nd August, 1978. The Sandinista National Liberation Front is now a self-governing socialist and political party in Nicaragua. It is very popular party. Its members are called Sandinistas in major languages. The party is also called after Augusto César Sandino, who led the Nicaraguan confrontation against the United States profession of Nicaragua in the year 1930s. The FSLN overthrew Anastasio Somoza Debayle in the year 1979, ending the Somoza dynasty, and recognized a revolutionary government in its place. Nicaragua is officially called the Republic of Nicaragua. It is the largest country in the Central American isthmus. It is surrounded by Honduras to the north, Costa Rica to the south, the Caribbean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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