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1st January

153 BC
In the year 153 BC, Roman consuls started their year in office and the day was 1st January. A consul was the highest and main selected political office of the Roman Republic. It was found that the consulship was mainly careful the uppermost level of the cursus honored. Each year, 2 consuls were selected organized, to attend for a 1 year term. The consuls staggered in holding imperium for each month, and a consul’s imperium lengthy over Italy, Rome, and the rest of the provinces. However, after the formation of the Empire, the consuls became meagre symbolic councils of Rome’s republican inheritance and held very slight power and authority, with the Emperor temporary as the highest authority.

45 BC
This is the day when the Julian calendar started and established to use as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire. The establishing day was January 1 and it is the new date of the new year. The Julian calendar was proposed by Julius Caesar. It was the major calendar in the Roman world and it is used most of Europe, and in European clearances in the Americas and now in elsewhere. It used for long time until it was fixed and progressively changed by the Gregorian calendar and it was spread in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII. Gaius Julius Caesar who is mainly known as Julius Caesar. He was a Roman general, a politician and famous author of Latin prose. He played an important role in the actions that led to the death of the Roman Republic and the increase of the Roman Empire.

193
On the 1st January of the year 193, the Senate selects Pertinax in the opposition to his will to thrive Commodus as Roman sovereign. Pertinax born on 1st August 126 and he died on 28th March 193. He was Roman Sovereign for the 3 months from January to March of the year 193. He was heir to the murdered Commodus. He was the 1st to serve as ruler during the unbridled Year of the 5 Emperors. The Roman sovereign was the major ruler of the Roman Empire through the imperial period what started starting from 27 BC. The sovereigns also used a dissimilar titles in their history. Frequently when a given Roman is defined as attractive “emperor” in English. It repeats his taking of the title Augustus or Caesar. Another title was used often and it was imperator and it was initially a soldierly honorific. Early Emperors of Roman emperor also used the title princeps what means first citizen. Emperors often combined republican titles, Consul, notably Princeps Senatus and Pontifex Maximus.

1438
On the 1st January of the year 1438, Albert II of Habsburg was become a King of Hungary. Albert the Magnanimous KG who born on 10th August 1397. He was a King of Croatia and Hungary from the year 1437 until his death. He was also Ruler of Bohemia and chosen King of Germany as Albert II. He was a Duke of Luxembourg and, as Albert V, Archduke of Austria from the year 1404. He died on 27th October 1439.

1515
In the year 1515, King Francis I of France thrives to the French throne. Francis I born on 12th September 1494 and died on 31st March 1547. He was the 1st King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, ruling from the year 1515 until his death on 31 March 1547. He was the son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy. He thrived his cousin and father-in-law Louis XII, who expired without a male successor.

1651
Today is 1st January and in this day of the year 1651, Charles II is crowned as a King of Scotland. Charles II born on 29th May 1630. He was a king of Scotland, England and Ireland. He died on 6th February of the year 1685.

1707
On the 1st January of the year 1707, John V is crowned King of Portugal. Dom John V born on 22nd October 1689. He is mainly known as the Magnanimous and he was the Portuguese Sun King. He was also a king of the House of Braganza who reigned as King of Portugal and the Algarves in the first half of the 18th century.

1739
Bouvet Island was revealed on 1st January of the year 1739 by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier. Jean Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier who born on 14th January 1705 and died in 1786. He was a French sailor, popular explorer as well as a governor of the Mascarene Islands. Bouvet Island is an unpopulated sub Antarctic high island and its dependency of Norway that is located in the South Atlantic Ocean at 54°25.8′S 3°22.8′ECoordinates: 54°25.8′S 3°22.8′E, thus tapping it north of and external the Antarctic Treaty System.

1788
In the year 1788, First edition of The Times (newspaper) of London was published. This magazine was formerly knonw as The Daily Universal Register. The Times is a British daily newspaper what publish 7 days from Monday to Saturday. It is a national newspaper what based in London, England. The Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a minor of News UK, himself solely possessed by News Corp.

1901
In 1901, Nigeria becomes a British territory. The Federal Republic of Nigeria is generally known as Nigeria and it is a federal republic in West Africa what neighboring Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its shore in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory.

2010
A suicide car bomber explodes on 1st January of the year 2010 at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan and for this explosion 105 people was killed and more than 100 people were injured. This bombing is called 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing. It was held in the village of Shah Hasan Khel, Lakki Marwat District what is in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

2011
In the year 2011, a bomb exploded as Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt. The day was 1st January and in this day people were busy in a new year service what kills 23 people. The Copts who are an ethno-religious group that mainly live the zone of modern Egypt. They are the major Christian quantity. Copts are also the largest Christian supporter group in Sudan and Libya.

2017
In the year 2017, António Guterres who is a Portuguese politician and diplomat, was formally voted Secretary-General of the United Nations. He is serving in the United Nations as the ninth Secretary-General.

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