16th July

On 16th July, 622, the Islamic calendar first started. The Islamic or Muslim calendar is also called Hijri calendar. It is a lunar calendar what consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days. This calendar is mainly used to date events in many Muslim countries. It is used by many Muslims to know the proper days of Islamic holidays and rites, such as the yearly period of fasting or the correct time for the pilgrimage to Mecca. The Islamic calendar services the Hijri era whose epoch was looking back recognized as the Islamic New Year of AD 622. Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alahiwa Sallam and his followers journeyed from Mecca to Medina and thus the first Muslim community was established, an event honored as the Hijra. In the West, dates in this age are typically denoted AH. In Muslim countries, it is also sometimes denoted as H from its Arabic form. In English, years previous to the Hijra are calculated as BH.

Richard II of England was crowned on 16th July, 1377. Richard II is also known as Richard of Bordeaux and he was King of England from the year 1377 until he was overthrew on 30th September 1399. Richard, a son of Edward, the Black Prince, was born in Bordeaux during the supremacy of his grandfather, Edward III. His father was Prince of Aquitaine. Richard was the younger brother of Edward of Angouleme, upon and when he died Richard was 3 years old and he became second in line to the throne after his father. Upon the demise of Richard’s father previous to the demise of Edward III, Richard, by primogeniture, became the successor seeming to the throne. With Edward III’s death the following year, Richard thrived to the throne at the age of 10.

The District of Columbia was recognized as the capital of the United States on 16th July, 1790 and it happened after name of the Residence Act. Washington, D.C. is officially called the District of Columbia and it is normally mentioned to as “, “the District”, “Washington or simply “D.C.”. It is the capital of the United States. The U.S. Constitution gave for a federal district under the limited jurisdiction of the Congress and the District is consequently not a part of any state. The Residence Act of 1790 is called titled An Act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the Government of the United States. This was a United States federal statute what approved in the 2nd session of the First United States Congress, and contracted into law by President George Washington on 16th July, 1790. The Act provided for a national capital and enduring seat of government to be recognized at a site along the Potomac River and authorized President Washington to service officials to oversee the project.

Haile Selassie was emperor who signed the 1st constitution of Ethiopia on 16th July, 1931. The Emperor of Ethiopia was the inherited king of the Ethiopian Kingdom, until the elimination of the monarchy in the year 1975. The Ruler was the head of state and head of government, with ultimate executive, legislative power and judicial in that country. A National Geographic Magazine article named imperial Ethiopia “nominally a constitutional monarchy; in fact a benevolent autocracy”. Haile Selassie I was Ethiopia’s regent from the year 1916 to year 1930 and ruler from the year 1930 to year 1974. He also attended as Chairperson of the Organization of African Unity from 25th May 1963 to 17th July 1964 and 5th November 1966 to 11th September 1967. He was a member of the Solomonic Dynasty. The 1931 Constitution of Ethiopia was the 1st up-to-date constitution what developed for Ethiopia, planned to formally substitute the Fetha Nagast, which had been the supreme law since the Middle Ages. It was broadcasted in “an impressive ceremony” held 16th July 1931 in the attendance of Ruler Haile Selassie, who had long required to announce one for his country.

On 16th July, 1935, the world’s 1st parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. A parking meter is a device what mainly used to assemble money in argument for the right to park a vehicle in a specific space for a limited amount of time. Parking meters can be used also by metropolises as a tool for applying their combined on-street parking policy. Oklahoma City is the capital and it is the largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma.

During the Chaplain–Medic massacre, American POWs were murdered by North Korean Army on 16th July, 1950. The Chaplain–Medic massacre was a war crime what held in the Korean War on 16th July, 1950, on a mountain above the village of Tuman, South Korea. 30 unarmed, disapprovingly wounded United States Army soldiers and an unarmed chaplain were killed by members of the North Korean military in the Battle of Taejon.

On 16th July, 1951, King Leopold III of Belgium abdicated in favor of his son named Baudouin I of Belgium. Leopold III reigned as the 4th King of the Belgians from the year 1934 until the year 1951, when he renounced in favor of the inheritor apparent, his son Baudouin. From the year 1944 until the year 1950, Leopold’s brother, Charles, attended as prince regent while Leopold was professed powerless to control. Leopold’s contentious actions during the 2nd World War caused in a political crisis recognized as the Royal Question. Baudouin reigned as the 5th King of the Belgians what following his father’s resignation, from the year 1951 until his passing in the year 1993. He was the last Belgian king who to be autonomous of Congo. He was the elder son of King Leopold III and his first wife, Princess Astrid of Sweden.

The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France and Italy opened on 16th July, 1965. The Mont Blanc Tunnel is a highway tunnel what is found in Europe, under the Mont Blanc mountain in the Alps. It linked with Haute-Savoie, France with Courmayeur, Chamonix, Italy, Aosta Valley via European route E25. The passageway was one of the major trans-Alpine conveyance routes what particularly for Italy, which relies on this tunnel for transporting as much as one-third of its cargo to northern Europe.

Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigned on 16th July, 1979 and he was replaced by Saddam Hussein. Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr was President of Iraq and he served from 17th July 1968 to 16th July 1979. A leading member of the radical Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba’ath Party and its regional organization Ba’ath Party – Iraq Region which adopted ba’athism, a mix of Arab patriotism and Arab socialism. Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was President of Iraq and he served from 16th July 1979 until 9th April 2003.

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