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16th January

929
Amir Abd-ar-Rahman III was established the Caliphate of Córdoba on 16th January, 929. Abd-ar-Rahman III was the Amir and Caliph of Córdoba and he served from 912 to 961 of the Umayyad family in Al-Andalus. He is also known as al-Nasir li-Din Allah what means “the Defender of God’s Faith”. He climbed the throne at the age of 20s, and ruled for half a century. He was the most powerful prince of Iberia. Although people of all faiths appreciated lenience and autonomy of faith under his rule, he resisted the Fatimids, partially by secondary their Maghrawa opponents in North Africa, and partially by demanding the title Caliph for himself. The Caliphate of Córdoba was a state in Islamic Iberia with a part of North Africa ruled by the Umayyad dynasty. The state with the capital in Córdoba was from the year 929 to 1031. The section was previously subjugated by the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba.

1120
The Council of Nablus was imprisoned for establishing the earliest enduring written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was held on 16th January, 1120. The Council of Nablus was a council of clergyman and secular lords in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem was a supporter state what was recognized in the Southern Levant by Godfrey of Bouillon in the year 1099 after the 1st Movement. The empire continued approximately two hundred years, from the year 1099 until 1291 when the last outstanding ownership, Acre, was ruined by the Mamluks, but its history is separated into 2 distinct ages.

1412
The Medici family was chosen official banker of the Papacy on 16th January, 1412. The House of Medici was a popular Italian banking family. This family also involved in political dynasty and advanced royal house that began first to fold fame under Cosimo de’ Medici in the Republic of Florence throughout the first half of the 15th century. This family created in the Mugello district of the Tuscan countryside, what progressively increasing until they were able to fund the Medici Bank. The pope is also known as the pontiff who is found in the Bishop of Rome, and consequently ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. The office of the pope is called the Papacy.

1492
The first grammar of the Spanish language was presented to Queen Isabella I on 16th January, 1492. Isabella I was Queen of Castile. She was married to Ferdinand II of Aragon. Isabella’s general education entailed of reading, writing, spelling, grammar, mathematics, art, dancing, chess, embroidery, music, and religious training. Spanish is a Romance language what is very popular now a days and that originated in the Castile region of Spain. It has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. The Gramática de la lengua castellana was a grammar book what was written in Salamanca in the year 1492 by Elio Antonio de Nebrija. It was the first grammar book what was written for a modern European language. According to a general story, when Nebrija presented it to Queen Isabella I, she asked him what was the use of this type of work, and he answered that language is the instrument of kingdom.

1556
Philip II became a King of Spain on 16th January, 1556. Philip II of Spain was King of Spain. He was a King of Portugal who served from 1581 to 1598, as Philip I, Filipe I. he was a King of Naples and Sicily and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland. He was also Duke of Milan who served from the year 1555, he was aristocrat of the 17th Provinces of the Netherlands.

1605
On 16th January, 1605, the first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha was published by Miguel de Cervantes in Madrid, Spain. Don Quixote is called “The Ingenious Nobleman Mister Quixote of La Mancha”. It is a Spanish novel what is written by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. It was published in 2 volumes, in the year 1605 and 1615, Don Quixote was measured the maximum persuasive work of works from the entire Spanish literary canon and the Spanish Golden Age. As a modern formation work of modern Western works and one of the initial official novels, it frequently looks high on lists of the utmost works of literature ever published, such as the Bokklubben World Library group that cites Don Quixote as the authors’ excellent for the “best literary work ever written”. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a Spanish writer. He born on 29th September 1547 and died on 22nd April 1616. He was extensively regarded as the supreme writer in the Spanish language and one of the world’s pre-eminent novelists.

1761
The British captured Pondichéry, India on 16th April, 1761 from the French. Puducherry district was is previously Pondicherry district what is one of the four districts of the union terrain of Puducherry in southern India

1909
Ernest Shackleton’s voyage found the magnetic South Pole on 16th January, 1909. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRG who was a polar traveler who led 3 British expeditions to the Antarctic. He was one of the principal persons of that period recognized as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. The South Pole what is also recognized as the Geographic South Pole. It is also called Terrestrial South Pole. It is one of the two points where the Earth’s axis of rotation crosses its superficial. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the contrary side of the Earth from the North Pole.

1920
The League of Nations held in first council meeting in Paris, France. This meeting was held on 16th January, 1920. The League of Nations was an international organization what was founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that stopped the First World War. It was the first international organization whose principal mission was to preserve world peace.

1924
Eleftherios Venizelos became the Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time and it held on 16th January, 1924. Eleftherios Kyriakou Venizelos was an well-known Greek leader of the Greek national freedom movement and a charismatic statesman of the early 20th century recollected for his elevation of liberal-democratic policies

1945
Adolf Hitler moved into his underground bunker on 16th January, 1945 and that bunker was called Führerbunker. Adolf Hitler born on 20th April 1889 and died on 30th April 1945. He was a German politician who was the notorious leader of the Nazi Party. The Fuhrerbunker was an air-raid shelter what was positioned nearby the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany.

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